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Last updated: 18 January 2022
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Dienstag 17 Oktober 1950
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas C-47A-1-DK Dakota C.3
Fluggesellschaft:British European Airways - BEA
Kennzeichen: G-AGIW
Werknummer: 12186
Baujahr: 1943
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 4 / Insassen: 5
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 24 / Insassen: 24
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 28 / Insassen: 29
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:Mill Hill (   Großbritannien)
Flugphase: Während des Fluges (ENR)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:London-Northolt Airport (NHT/EGWU), Großbritannien
Flug nach:Glasgow-Renfrew Airport, Großbritannien
Unfallbericht:
The Douglas C-47A took off from Northolt with the copilot in the left hand seat and the captain in the right hand seat. While climbing through 400-500 feet, the undercarriage was retracted. At approximately that time engine problems forced the crew to shut down the no. 2 engine and feather the propeller. The captain then reported: "Request immediate landing and GCA assistance we are downwind on runway 26 ." The crew were given vectors, but with the undercarriage down again and flying on one engine, the crew could barely maintain heading. At some point the DC-3 lost altitude, struck some beach trees and dived almost vertically into the ground.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The first and preponderant cause among those which contributed to the accident was the failure of the master rod bearings of the starboard engine. This failure could not have been foreseen or guarded against by any greater exercise of vigilance that could reasonably have been required of the operators and their staff. The secondary causes are harder to assess and evaluate. Among them are or may be: a) The failure of pilots to make an immediate visual landing upon realizing that they must stop the starboard engine; b) The failure of the pilots to make use of SBA although equipment was carried in the aircraft. SBA would not have been subject in this instance to the disadvantages of GCA ("presence of a mass of permanent echoes which obscure on the visual display returns from aircraft within the irregularity bounded area of sky, covered by those echoes"); c) The failure of the pilots, having elected to make use of GCA, to retract the undercarriage while flying away from the airport over the distance necessary to bring their aircraft under the effective control of GCA and thereafter; d) The glazing of the lead deposits on the sparking plugs of the port engine while under conditions of high power-output leading to ignition trouble and so to a lose of power sufficient to destroy the ability of the aircraft to maintain level flight; e) The necessity for taking drastic action with the controls to avoid the steeple of Harrow-on-the-Hill Church, and the high ground beyond, at a time when there was but a marginal reserve of power for maintaining level flight."

Informationsquelle:
» ICAO Aircraft Accident Digest No.2, Circular 24-AN/21 (29-34)


Sicherheitsempfehlungen
Following this accident, the U.K. investigators recommended the ICAO the adoption of rearward-facing seats for passenger aircraft.

Fotos

photo of Douglas-C-47A-1-DK-Dakota-C-3-G-AGIW
accident date: 17-10-1950
type: Douglas C-47A-1-DK Dakota C.3
registration: G-AGIW
 

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from London-Northolt Airport to Glasgow-Renfrew Airport as the crow flies is 542 km (339 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Douglas DC-3

  • ca 13.000 built
  • 2875th loss
  • 999th Fataler Unfall
  • 16th worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 65th worst accident (Momentan)
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 Großbritannien
  • 5th worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 17th worst accident (Momentan)
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