Crash-aerien 13 JUN 1984 d'un McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 N964VJ - Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW)
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Statuts:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:mercredi 13 juin 1984
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic DC93 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31
Immatriculation: N964VJ
Numéro de série: 47373/522
Année de Fabrication: 1969
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7B
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 51
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 56
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Hartford-Brainard Airport, CT (HFD/KHFD), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI (DTW/KDTW), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
A McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 operated by USAir, suffered a landing accident at Detroit-Metropolitan Airport, MI.
During arrival, the aircrew noted thunderstorms west & southwest of the airport. The crew elected to continue and make an ILS approach. At 16:36, a special weather observation had thunderstorm info, but was not noted. At 16:50, the visibility dropped to 1/4 mi with heavy rain and hail. As the aircraft approached runway 21R, a VIP Level 4 thunderstorm moved from west to east over the northern part of the airport. The controller provided wind info from the low level wind shear alert system (LLWAS), but used improper phraseology and failed to provide RVR information when the visibility went below 1 mile. The crew had difficulty in understanding the LLWAS info due to the amount and rapidity that it was provided. At approx 350 feet agl, the aircraft encountered low clouds, heavy rain, hail and turbulence. The aircrew initiated a missed approach. The speed increased to 143 kts, then decreased to approx 119 kts. The captain believed the aircraft would not climb and elected to land. The aircraft touched down about 2500 feet down the runway with the gear partially extended, then slid 3800 feet and went off the runway. The wind was gusting to 32 kts.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause: "Inadequate cockpit coordination and management which resulted in the captain's inappropriate decision to continue the instrument approach into known thunderstorm activity where the airplane encountered severe wind shear. The failure of air traffic control personnel at the airport to provide additional available weather information deprived the flightcrew of information which may have enhanced their decisionmaking process."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 265 days (9 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-85/01
Download report: Final report


Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Hartford-Brainard Airport, CT et Detroit-Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, MI est de 880 km (550 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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