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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 182056
Last updated: 18 October 2019
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Date:21-APR-1987
Time:10:27
Type:Silhouette image of generic B741 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-136
Owner/operator:British Airways
Registration: G-AWNG
C/n / msn: 20269/150
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 336
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Location:1nm W of London Heathrow Airport, Hounslow, Middlesex -   United Kingdom
Phase: Initial climb
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:London Heathrow Airport (LHR/EGLL)
Destination airport:John F Kennedy Airport, New York (JFK/KJFK)
Narrative:
Sustained severe damage to No.2 engine due to a fuel leak and engine fire during climb out from London Heathrow Airport whilst en route from London Heathrow to JFK Airport New York. Aircraft made an emergency landing back at Heathrow. According to the official AAIB report into the accident:

"During the aircraft's departure from Runway 28R at London Heathrow on a scheduled flight to New York, whilst passing through 1,200 feet in the initial climb, the crew heard a loud 'bang' which was rapidly followed by the No.2 engine fire warning bell and lights.

The co-pilot was in command of the aircraft, and continued to remain so whilst the commander and flight engineer carried out the appropriate drills. Whilst jettisoning fuel prior to making a precautionary landing back at Heathrow, the pilot was informed that one of the passengers had developed a serious medical emergency, so he decided to discontinue jettisoning fuel, and make an immediate (overweight) landing.

The landing was accomplished without incident, and the aircraft was brought to a halt on the runway, as the Airport Fire service conducted an inspection. As the fire appeared to be out, the aircraft was taxied on its remaining engines back to the terminal, where the passengers were disembarked without incident. The passenger who had taken ill had fully recovered.

The cowing around the No.2 engine showed sign of scorching, burning and some mechanical damage. The main damage to the engine, and probable source of the engine fire, was traced to a fatigue fracture of a fuel servo pressure pipe"

Damage sustained to airframe: Per the AAIB report "severe damage to the engine cowling and ancillary attachments."

Sources:

1. AAIB: https://assets.digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk/media/5423011340f0b61346000b61/Boeing_747-136__G-AWNG__09-87.pdf
2. CAA; http://www.caa.co.uk/aircraft-registration/


Images:

Photo of G-AWNG courtesy AirHistory.net


Sydney - Kingsford Smith International (YSSY / SYD)
September 1989; (c) David Carter

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
06-Dec-2015 22:19 Dr.John Smith Added
06-Dec-2015 22:20 Dr.John Smith Updated [Location, Narrative]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description