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Last updated: 3 December 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 8 novembre 1961
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic CONI model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-049E Constellation
Compagnie:Imperial Airlines
Immatriculation: N2737A
Numéro de série: 1976
Année de Fabrication: 1946
Heures de vol:32589
Moteurs: 4 Wright R-3350 (745C18BA3) Cyclone
Equipage:victimes: 3 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 74 / à bord: 74
Total:victimes: 77 / à bord: 79
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:1,5 km (0.9 milles) S of Richmond International Airport (Byrd Field), VA (RIC) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Charter National
Aéroport de départ:Baltimore/Washington Friendship International Airport, MD (BWI/KBWI), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Columbia Metropolitan Airport, SC (CAE/KCAE), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:201/8
Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8 was scheduled to transport newly inducted members of the U.S. Army to Columbia, SC, for training. The Lockheed L-049 was to depart Columbia (CAE), enplane passengers at Newark, NJ (EWR), Wilkes Barre, PA, and Baltimore, MD (BWI), and transport them to Columbia.
The flight departed for Baltimore at 19:12, VFR at an altitude of 4,500 ft. The flight landed at Baltimore and 17 additional passengers were boarded.
The trainee flight engineer opened the Nos. 3 and 4 crossfeeds like he had done on previous occasions on the flight, in anticipation of a drop in fuel pressure. The Constellation departed at 20:30, climbing to 4500 feet.
En route, the no. 3 and 4 engines continued to run the no. 4 fuel tank dry. Suddenly, the airplane yawed to the right and the fuel pressure warning lights for engines 3 and 4 came on. Engine no.3 stopped and engine no.4 surging between 1,500 and 2,000 rpm.
They were unable to restart the engines, so the props were feathered and a diversion to Richmond was initiated.
As the flight approached the airport for an intended landing on runway 33, the captain (who was acting as co-pilot), without warning to the pilot-in-command, turned the aircraft to attempt a runway 02 landing and selected the gear down. When the landing gear didn't extend because of mismanagement of the hydraulic system under the existing conditions, a go-around was attempted with only the no. 1 and 2 engines operating. During the poorly executed go-around the no. 1 engine failed as a result of overboosting. In an attempt to reach runway 33 the aircraft crashed and burned half a mile to the left of the extended runway centerline and one mile short of the runway threshold.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The lack of command coordination and decision, lack of judgement, and lack of knowledge of the equipment resulting in loss of power in three engines creating an emergency situation which the crew could not handle."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: CAB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 90 days (3 months)
Accident number: File No. 10025
Download report: Final report


photo of Lockheed-L-049E-Constellation-N2737A

Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Baltimore/Washington Friendship International Airport, MD et Columbia Metropolitan Airport, SC est de 700 km (438 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Lockheed L-049

  • 88 built
  • 23ème loss
  • 15ème accident fatal
  • le accident 2ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 3ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
» safety profile

 Etats-Unis d'Amérique
  • le accident 4ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 34ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
» safety profile