ASN logo
Last updated: 7 December 2021
Date:Friday 9 December 1977
Time:ca 22:55 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic H25A model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland DH-125-400A
Operator:Churchill Falls Co.
Registration: CF-CFL
MSN: 25213/NA741
First flight: 1970
Engines: 2 Rolls-Royce Viper 522
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 6 / Occupants: 6
Total:Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:3 km (1.9 mls) NW of Churchill Falls Airport, NL (ZUM) (   Canada)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Departure airport:Montreal (unknown airport), QC, Canada
Destination airport:Churchill Falls Airport, NL (ZUM/CZUM), Canada
Optical illusion on a night time approach caused the plane to crash some 3 km short of runway 14.

Probable Cause:

1) Cockpit discipline was inadequate as the approach entered the final phase.
2) Distractions in the cockpit degraded crew performance.
3) The pilots deprived themselves of essential altitude information by not effectively monitoring the flight instruments during the final approach.
4) The Captain, by relying on visual cues from the runway environment lighting in conditions where those cues were degraded, became exposed to visual illusions.
5) The pilots permitted the aircraft to deviate below the safe approach profile until it struck the terrain.
6) On the assumptions that there had been at least one serviceable ELT on board, that it had been activated as a result of the impact or by other means, and that there was the capability at Churchill Falls of homing to the point of origin of the ELT signal, the rescue activity may have been expedited.

Distraction in cockpit
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

» ICAO Circular 153-AN/56 (Accident Digest 23, p.181-193)


Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
languages: languages



  • 290 built
  • 13th loss
  • 11th fatal accident
  • The worst accident (at the time)
  • 3rd worst accident (currently)
» safety profile

  • 39th worst accident (at the time)
  • 49th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile