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Last updated: 27 November 2021
Status:Preliminary - official
Date:Friday 2 June 1978
Type:Silhouette image of generic B74R model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747SR-46
Operator:Japan Air Lines - JAL
Registration: JA8119
MSN: 20783/230
First flight: 1974-01-28 (4 years 4 months)
Total airframe hrs:8832
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7A
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 15
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 379
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 394
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Osaka-Itami Airport (ITM) (   Japan)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Tokyo-Haneda Airport (HND/RJTT), Japan
Destination airport:Osaka-Itami Airport (ITM/RJOO), Japan
A Boeing 747SR-46 passenger plane sustained substantial damage in a tailstrike accident while landing at Osaka-Itami Airport (ITM), Japan. There were 379 passengers and 15 crew members on board. Two passenger sustained serious injuries and 23 passengers were slightly injured.
Following a normal ILS approach to runway 32L, the aircraft floated for a few seconds after touchdown. The tail then struck the runway heavily on the second touchdown. Weather was fine wind was 270° at 15 knots.
The aircraft sustained substantial damage to the rear underside of the fuselage. The rear pressure bulkhead was cracked as well. The aircraft was repaired by Boeing. Engineers between June 17 and July 11, 1978. They replaced the lower part of the rear fuselage and a portion of the lower half of the bulkhead.

Seven years later, on August 12, 1985, JA8119 suffered an in-flight rupture of the aft pressure bulkhead and the subsequent ruptures of a part of the fuselage tail, vertical fin and hydraulical flight control systems. The airplane was barely controllable and crashed into the side of a hill. Just four of the 524 on board survived the accident.

Runway mishap

» Aircraft accident investigation report Japan Air Lines Co. Ltd. Boeing 747SR-100 JA8119 Gunma Prefecture, Japan August 12, 1985


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tokyo-Haneda Airport to Osaka-Itami Airport as the crow flies is 401 km (251 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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