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Last updated: 30 November 2021
Date:Saturday 6 May 1989
Type:Silhouette image of generic E110 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer EMB-110P1 Bandeirante
Operator:Southern Express
Registration: N95PB
MSN: 110330
First flight: 1981
Total airframe hrs:11387
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:0,7 km (0.4 mls) NE of Columbia-Maury County Airport, TN (MRC) (   United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Departure airport:Memphis International Airport, TN (MEM/KMEM), United States of America
Destination airport:Columbia-Maury County Airport, TN (MRC/KMRC), United States of America
The aircraft collided with trees 2350 feet from the threshold of runway 23 at Columbia. Visibility was less than 100 feet due to dense fog. The trainee pilot had been without rest for at least 30 hours prior to the accident.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Pilot attempted to make a VFR landing in instrument conditions that were below minimums for the published instrument approach and collided with trees and the ground after allowing the airplane to descend below the proper altitude. "

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 2 months
Accident number: ATL89FA142
Download report: Summary report

VFR flight in IMC
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

» ICAO Adrep Summary 3/89 (#83)


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Memphis International Airport, TN to Columbia-Maury County Airport, TN as the crow flies is 258 km (162 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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