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Last updated: 21 January 2022
Statuts:
Date:vendredi 20 octobre 1989
Heure:02:32
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic IL76 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Iliouchine Il-76TD
Compagnie:Aeroflot, Ulyanovsk Advanced Flying Training College
Immatriculation: CCCP-76466
Numéro de série: 0023440153
Année de Fabrication: 1982
Heures de vol:2053
Cycles:2193
Equipage:victimes: 10 / à bord: 10
Passagers:victimes: 5 / à bord: 5
Total:victimes: 15 / à bord: 15
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:près de Leninakan Airport (LWN) (   Arménie)
Phase de vol: En approche (APR)
Nature:Cargo
Aéroport de départ:Ulyanovsk/Baratayevka Airport (ULV/UWLL), Fédération de Russie
Aéroport de destination:Leninakan Airport (LWN/UDSG), Arménie
Détails:
The Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane departed Ulyanovsk on a training/cargo flight to Leninakan. The aircraft carried a cargo of 37200 kg. Approaching Leninakan the flight was cleared to descend to 3300 metres. During the descent the approach controller reported the airport pressure being 637 mm Hg. After issuing a further clearance down to 1100 metres, the controller corrected the airport pressure to 637 mm Hg. Erroneously the crew programmed their barometric altimeters using 736 instead of 636 mm Hg, causing a difference in altitude indication of about 1100 metres. Descent was continued at a vertical speed of 10 m/sec. At a height of 270 metres the GPWS alarm began to sound and continued to 19 seconds. Then the flight engineer suddenly informed the captain of the mistake, but no corrective action was taken. Ten seconds later the aircraft struck terrain and crashed.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE:
- error by the crew in programming both barometric altimeters using the 736 mm Hg pressure instead of the actual 636 mm Hg causing a descent below MDA;
- failure to use the radio altimeters, which deprived the crew of additional information about their descent below MDA;
- failure of the crew to respond to the recommendation by the flight engineer to climb;
Factors were:
- the fact that it was the instructor captain's first flight into Leninakan and the student pilot's (in the right hand seat) first flight on an Il-76;
- insufficient crew resource management;
- insufficient training of pilots regarding the actions to be taken in case of a GPWS warning

Sources:
» Soviet Transports
» ICAO Adrep Summary 5/89 (#50)
» airdisaster.ru


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Ulyanovsk/Baratayevka Airport et Leninakan Airport est de 1526 km (954 miles).
Accident location: Global; accuracy within tens or hundreds of kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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Ilyushin Il-76

  • 938+ built
  • 21ème loss
  • 9ème accident fatal
  • le accident 4ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
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 Arménie
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  • le accident 6ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
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