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Date:Monday 12 February 1990
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker F-27 Friendship 200
Operator:TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais
Registration: PT-LCG
MSN: 10206
First flight: 1962
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 38
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 41
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 2
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Bauru Airport, SP (BAU) (   Brazil)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP (CGH/SBSP), Brazil
Destination airport:Bauru Airport, SP (BAU/SBBU), Brazil
The F-27 Friendship departed Sao Paulo-Congonhas (CGH) on a domestic flight to Bauru. Pilot flying was a captain in training, accompanied by an instructor and a commissioner. Due to congestion in the frequency of Brasilia ACC, the descent from FL140 was initiated while the airplane was 27 nm (50 km) from Bauru, instead of the usual 40nm (74 km) out. After a fast descent to 4000 feet the IFR flight plan was cancelled and the crew proceeded for a visual straight-in approach to runway 32. The pilot flying felt uncomfortable because the airplane was flying too fast and was too close to the airfield. The instructor wanted to continue the approach and instructed the landing gear to be lowered and the flaps to be selected down from 16 to 40 degrees. The airplane decelerated to 135 kts, which was still too fast. After asking the instructor, the pilot was told that he was supposed to carry out the approach and landing. Because the instructor also held his control column and due to the improper approach configuration, the pilot again asked who would perform the landing. The instructor now took over control. The F-27 descended at a rate of 2500 fpm and the speed was still 130 kts. The airplane touched down 775 m past the runway 32 threshold. The aircraft floated and alternatingly, touched the runway with the right and left main landing gear. The instructor realized that the plane could not be stopped on the remaining runway, and brusquely added power to initiate a go around. Contrary to the Airplane Flight Manual, power was not added gradually thus causing an extreme rise in the turbine gas temperature (TGT). The engine´s combustion chambers had now received excessive from fuel. The low rotations of the propellers did not provide enough air for a combustive mixture and the high angle of attack on the initial climb provoked the intake of enough air into the engines. Both engines failed to develop enough power and the Fokker began to sank until it collided with some obstacles on the ground, 600 m outside the airport. Two occupants of a car that was hit, didn't survive.

Probable Cause:

Fator Humano - Aspecto Psicológico - Contribuiu
Fator Operacional - Contribuiu
(1) Deficiente Instrução.
(2) Deficiente Aplicação dos Comandos.
(3) Deficiente Coordenação de Cabine.
(4) Deficiente Julgamento.
(5) Deficiente Planejamento.
(6) Deficiente Supervisão.


Loss of control

» CENIPA - Centro de Investigação e Prevenção de Acidentes Aeronáuticos
» ICAO Adrep Summary 2/90 (#12)


photo of Fokker-F-27200-C9-AIC
accident date: 12-02-1990
type: Fokker F-27 Friendship 200
registration: C9-AIC

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, SP to Bauru Airport, SP as the crow flies is 283 km (177 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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