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Date:Wednesday 30 January 1991
Type:Silhouette image of generic JS31 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
British Aerospace 3101 Jetstream 31
Operated by:CCAir
On behalf of:USAir Express
Registration: N167PC
MSN: 710
First flight: 1986
Total airframe hrs:8841
Engines: 2 Garrett TPE331
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 17
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 19
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Beckley Airport, WV (BKW) (   United States of America)
Crash site elevation: 763 m (2503 feet) amsl
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Charlotte-Douglas Airport, NC (CLT/KCLT), United States of America
Destination airport:Beckley Airport, WV (BKW/KBKW), United States of America
The aircraft, dispatched with an inoperative airframe de-ice system, approached Beckley in icing conditions. Ice accumulated on the aircraft and a higher than usual approach speed was used. When full flaps were selected (50deg) the aircraft began to buffet and pitched nose down. The Jetstream slammed onto the runway and slid to a stop. There was evidence of tail plane stall, lack of company training in cold weather operations, deficiencies in the use of de-icing systems, and lack of FAA surveillance.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "Flight into known adverse weather conditions by the pilot, which resulted in ice accumulation on the aircraft and subsequent loss of aircraft control (tail plane stall) as the flaps were fully extended. Factors related to the accident were: the pilot's inadequate use of the preflight briefing service, inadequate training provided to the pilots by company/management personnel, inadequate surveillance by the FAA, and icing conditions."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 5 months
Accident number: DCA91MA019
Download report: Summary report
Language: English

Loss of control

» Flight International
» ICAO Adrep Summary 4/94 (#55)
» NTSB Safety Recommendations A-92-59 through -65
» NTSB/AAR-96/02

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSB issued 7 Safety Recommendations

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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Charlotte-Douglas Airport, NC to Beckley Airport, WV as the crow flies is 285 km (178 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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