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Last updated: 22 October 2021
Date:Friday 8 January 1993
Type:Silhouette image of generic LJ35 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Learjet 35A
Registration: XA-LAN
MSN: 35A-267
First flight: 1979
Total airframe hrs:6771
Engines: 2 Garrett TFE731-2-2B
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Total:Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 9
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:12 km (7.5 mls) NE of Hermosillo Airport (HMO) (   Mexico)
Crash site elevation: 550 m (1804 feet) amsl
Phase: Approach (APR)
Departure airport:Mexico City International Airport (MEX/MMMX), Mexico
Destination airport:Hermosillo-Gen Pesqueira Garcia Airport (HMO/MMHO), Mexico
The Learjet 35A impacted the side of El Bachoco Mountain at 1800 feet while on approach to Hermosillo Airport, Mexico.
The aircraft departed Mexico City International Airport at 07:15 hours local time. The en route part of the flight was uneventful and the flight was cleared to descend. At 08:34 local time, the flight contacted Hermosillo approach control, reporting that they were leaving 23000 feet for 20000 feet at 47 miles from the airport.
The controller reported that weather conditions were poor with a visibility of half to three-quarters of a mile, indefinite ceiling and light rain. The flight was then cleared to 6000 feet for the Miura One arrival for runway 23.
The aircraft reached 6000 feet at 08:41 hours and five minutes later they were at 10 DME, intercepting the 320 radial towards the airport. The flight was then advised to report when they had runway the in sight. This was read back accordingly. This was the last radio contact with the flight.

Five hours hours later, the aircraft was located. It had crashed 6.5 miles northeast of VOR Hermosillo, on the rocky slope of a hill at 1800 feet.

Probable Cause:

Probable cause: "Not maintaining the established altitude (2800 feet), in the approach procedure (arrival Ortiz one) in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIP), for an instrument landing, in low visibility conditions, colliding with the ground at 1800 feet."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: SCT Mexico
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 45 days (2 months)
Accident number: 001/93
Download report: Final report



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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Mexico City International Airport to Hermosillo-Gen Pesqueira Garcia Airport as the crow flies is 1609 km (1006 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Learjet 35

  • 738 built
  • 28th loss
  • 23rd fatal accident
  • 2nd worst accident
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  • 41st worst accident (at the time)
  • 49th worst accident (currently)
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