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Status: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Sunday 4 February 1996
Time:14:12
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC85 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Douglas DC-8-55F
Operator:Líneas Aéreas del Caribe - LAC Colombia
Registration: HK-3979X
MSN: 45882/282
First flight: 1966
Total airframe hrs:66326
Cycles:20567
Engines: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-3B (Q)
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Ground casualties:Fatalities: 18
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:2 km (1.3 mls) N of Asunción-Silvio Pettirossi International Airport (ASU) (   Paraguay)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Asunción-Silvio Pettirossi International Airport (ASU/SGAS), Paraguay
Destination airport:São Paulo/Campinas-Viracopos International Airport, SP (VCP/SBKP), Brazil
Flightnumber:ALA028
Narrative:
The DC-8 took off for an empty positioning flight from Asuncion runway 02. At VR power was reduced on no. 1 engine and, after rotation, also on the no. 2 engine. With the gear still down and flaps at 15° the pilot lost control and crashed on a playing field 2 km past the runway.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE:
Violent collision with the ground with post-impact fire due to loss of control of the aircraft in flight caused by procedures incorrectly performed by the crew during the critical takeoff phase, the effects of which resulted in an extremely adverse configuration of the aircraft for that phase of flight, which could not be counteracted and control of the aircraft was lost, resulting in a significant reduction in speed and subsequent loss of lift.

Contributing Factors:
1 Little experience of the pilot in command in this function
2 Lack of flight safety doctrine in the cockpit at all pre-flight times.
3 Probable execution of unauthorized take-off training under uncontrolled conditions and by a person not qualified as an instructor.
4 Probable lack of knowledge of the flight characteristics with an empty aircraft on the part of the crew.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: CIPAA
Status: Investigation completed
Accident number: RA01/96
Download report: Final report
Language: 

Classification:
Loss of control

Sources:
» ICAO Adrep Summary 2/96 (#25)
» Scramble 202(49)


Photos

photo of DC-8F-55-HR-AMU
accident date: 04-02-1996
type: McDonnell Douglas DC-8F-55
registration: HR-AMU
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Asunción-Silvio Pettirossi International Airport to São Paulo/Campinas-Viracopos International Airport, SP as the crow flies is 1079 km (674 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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