ASN logo
Last updated: 24 January 2022
Date:Thursday 10 September 1998
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD11 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
Operator:China Eastern Airlines
Registration: B-2173
MSN: 48497/512
First flight: 1992
Total airframe hrs:4810
Engines: 3 Pratt & Whitney PW4460
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 17
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 120
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 137
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport (SHA) (   China)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport (SHA/ZSSS), China
Destination airport:Beijing-Capital International Airport (PEK/ZBAA), China
An MD-11, operated as China Eastern Airlines flight 586, made an emergency landing at Shanghai, China. The airplane was a regularly scheduled passenger flight from Shanghai to Beijing. Shortly after takeoff the flightcrew reported that the nose landing gear did not retract properly. They tried to cycle the gear but could not get a safe indication in either the extended or retracted position. After flying around for about 3 1/2 hours, they returned to the Shanghai airport where they made several "firm landings" on the main landing gear to try to free the nose landing gear. After this proved to be unsuccessful, they landed the airplane with the nose gear retracted.
The airplane was significantly damaged and 6 passengers and 3 flight attendants out of the 120 passengers and 18 crewmembers suffered minor injuries during the emergency evacuation after the aircraft came to rest.
A movie was made based on this incident in 1999, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China: "Emergency forced landing".

Gear-up landing
Forced landing on runway

» Flight International


photo of MD-11-B-2173
accident date: 10-09-1998
type: McDonnell Douglas MD-11
registration: B-2173

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Shanghai-Hongqiao Airport to Beijing-Capital International Airport as the crow flies is 1070 km (668 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
languages: languages