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Datum:woensdag 11 november 1998
Type:Silhouette image of generic MD11 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Delta Air Lines
Registratie: N801DE
Constructienummer: 48565/480
Aantal vlieguren:24332
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 11
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 113
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 124
Schade: Groot
Gevolgen: Repaired
Plaats:Portland International Airport, OR (PDX) (   Verenigde Staten)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Binnenlandse lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY (CVG/KCVG), Verenigde Staten
Vliegveld van aankomst:Portland International Airport, OR (PDX/KPDX), Verenigde Staten
A McDonnell Douglas MD-11, N801DE, experienced a tail strike while landing at Portland International Airport, Oregon. The flight was landing on runway 10R after arriving from Cincinnati, Ohio. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and an instrument flight plan had been filed. There were no injuries to the 11 crew members or 113 passengers, but the aircraft sustained substantial damage to the belly skin and stringers.
The flight crew stated that they were unaware the aircraft had experienced a tail strike until maintenance personnel at the arrival gate advised them that there was damage to the number 3 VHF antenna and the skin aft of the antenna mount. After the passengers were deplaned normally through the jetway, the damage was further evaluated, and it was determined that the aircraft would need to be ferried to Atlanta for permanent repair.
During the investigation, it was determined that the weight existing in the Flight Management System (FMS) during the approach and landing sequence was in error approximately 100,000 pounds. As confirmed by a review of the Flight Data Recorder (FDR) readout, the FMS weight was about 292,000 pounds, when in fact the actual aircraft landing weight was approximately 392,000 pounds. This error generated a final approach speed of 136 knots for an approach that should have been flown at 151 knots. This reduced speed resulted in the approach being flown at an eight (8) degree pitch attitude instead of the three to four degrees that would occur during an approach flown at the correct airspeed. The FDR data also showed that approximately 7 seconds before nose gear strut compression, the pitch attitude reached 10.9 degrees.
Although the exact FMS entry error was not determined, the most likely would be the crew missing the hundred thousand entry by one when inputting the takeoff gross weight, entering the empty weight into the zero fuel weight prompt, or entering the zero fuel weight in the aircraft takeoff gross weight prompt.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The flight crew's entry of an incorrect weight figure in the Flight Management System (FMS) computer, resulting in the approach being flown at an improper (low) Vref speed and an excessively nose-high attitude through the landing flare."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Accident number: SEA99LA014
Download report: Summary report
Language: English



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Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY en Portland International Airport, OR bedraagt 3150 km (1968 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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