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Last updated: 28 January 2022
Date:Wednesday 1 November 2000
Time:ca 15:10 PST
Type:Silhouette image of generic DHC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 100
Operator:West Coast Air
Registration: C-GGAW
MSN: 86
First flight: 1967-11-27 (33 years)
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-20
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 15
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 17
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Vancouver-Coal Harbour, BC (   Canada)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Vancouver-Coal Harbour SPB, BC (CXH/CYHC), Canada
Destination airport:Victoria Harbour, BC, Canada
Flightnumber: 151
The West Coast Air Twin Otter floatplane departed Vancouver-Coal Harbour around 15:10 for a scheduled 35-minute flight to Victoria Harbour. Soon after takeoff, at a height of 50-100 feet, the no. 2 engine failed. The aircraft struck the water about 25 seconds later in a nose-down, right wing-low attitude. The right-hand float and wing both detached from the fuselage at impact. The occupants managed to clamber onto the aircraft's pontoon and wing. Rescue boats, including a SeaBus passenger ferry, responded quickly to evacuate the passengers and crew from the plane.

Probable Cause:

1. A planetary gear disintegrated in the propeller reduction gearbox of the No 2 engine and caused the engine drive shaft to disconnect from the propeller, resulting in a loss of propulsion from this engine.
2. The planetary gear oil strainer screen wires fractured by fatigue as a consequence of the installation at the last overhaul. This created an unsafe condition and it is most probable that the release of wire fragments and debris from this strainer screen subsequently initiated or contributed to distress of the planetary gear bearing sleeve and resulted in the disintegration of the planetary gear.
3. Although airspeed was above Vmc at the time of the power loss, the aircraft became progressively uncontrollable due to power on the remaining engine not being reduced to relieve the asymmetric thrust condition until impact was imminent.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: TSB Canada
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 10 months
Accident number: TSB Report A00P0210
Download report: Final report

Follow-up / safety actions
Since this accident, the operator has revised its pilot emergency training syllabus. The revised syllabus, approved by Transport Canada, places increased emphasis on aircraft handling and emergency procedures in response to loss of power at low altitude and low airspeed. The operator's revision goes beyond the minimum standards required by Transport Canada.
The operator has also revised its maintenance inspection program. The weekly airframe and engine inspection (A&E) now incorporates an electrical continuity test of the engine oil chip detector on the propeller reduction gearbox casing.
Pratt & Whitney Canada has confirmed that the Overhaul Manual applicable to the P&WC PT6-20 series engine RGB was revised in 1998 to clarify the installation procedure of the planetary gear oil strainer screens.


photo of DHC-6-Twin-Otter-100-C-GGAW
accident date: 01-11-2000
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 100
registration: C-GGAW
photo of DHC-6-Twin-Otter-100-C-GGAW
accident date: 01-11-2000
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 100
registration: C-GGAW
This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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