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Estado:Final
Fecha:martes 7 mayo 2002
Hora:15:18
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic B735 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-566
Operador:EgyptAir
Registración: SU-GBI
Numéro de série: 25307/2135
Año de Construcción: 1991-09-24 (10 years 8 months)
Horas Totales de la Célula:26805
Ciclos:16111
Motores: 2 CFMI CFM56-3C1
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 3 / Ocupantes: 6
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 11 / Ocupantes: 56
Total:Fatalidades: 14 / Ocupantes: 62
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:6,6 km (4.1 milles) NW of Tunis-Carthage Airport (TUN) (   Túnez)
Elevación del lugar del accidente: 230 m (755 feet) amsl
Fase: Aproximación (APR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Internacional Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Cairo International Airport (CAI/HECA), Egipto
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Tunis-Carthage Airport (TUN/DTTA), Túnez
Número de Vuelo:MS843
Descripción:
EgyptAir Flight 843, a Boeing 737-500, departed Cairo at 13:40 for a flight to Tunis. At 15:00 hours local time the aircraft was cleared for a VOR/DME approach to runway 11 at Tunis-Carthage Airport. The flight crew did not conduct a verbal approach briefing prior to or during the descent.
The approach procedure stipulates that the aircraft must cross the Initial Approach Fix (IF), located at 11 DME, at 2100 feet. This altitude has to be maintained to the Final Approach Fix (FAF) at 6 DME. However, flight 843 began the descent prematurely while still at 6.8 DME.
During the final approach there was no verbal mention of the 1000 ft passage. Descent was continued through clouds until the aircraft impacted the side of a hill at 750 feet, 6,6 km short of the runway.
The aircraft was not equipped with an EGPWS. The investigation determined that an EGPWS would have give a "Caution Terrain" warning 32 seconds before the impact, followed by "Terrain, terrain. Pull up, pull up" three seconds later.

Probable Cause:

Cause of the accident:
The accident resulted from the crew's failure to execute and control the final approach. This was evidenced by the failure to respect the approach fix associated with the decision to begin the final approach prematurely.
Contributing to the accident were the following factors:
- The adverse weather conditions at the time of the accident, including reduced visibility;
- The shortcomings noted in the training of both pilots, particularly those relating to conventional VOR/DME approaches;
- The relative weakness of the flight experience of the two crew members on the aircraft type being operated.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BEA Tunisia
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Accident number: final report
Download report: Final report
Language: French

Fuentes:
» CNN
» ICAO Adrep


Fotos

photo of Boeing-737-566-SU-GBI
photo of Boeing-737-566-SU-GBI
accident date: 07-05-2002
type: Boeing 737-566
registration: SU-GBI
photo of Boeing-737-566-SU-GBI
accident date: 07-05-2002
type: Boeing 737-566
registration: SU-GBI
photo of Boeing-737-566-SU-GBI
accident date: 07-05-2002
type: Boeing 737-566
registration: SU-GBI
photo of Boeing-737-566-SU-GBI
accident date: 07-05-2002
type: Boeing 737-566
registration: SU-GBI
photo of Boeing-737-566-SU-GBI
accident date: 07-05-2002
type: Boeing 737-566
registration: SU-GBI
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Cairo International Airport to Tunis-Carthage Airport as the crow flies is 2083 km (1302 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 737-500

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