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Last updated: 4 December 2021
Date:Monday 10 July 2006
Type:Silhouette image of generic C560 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 560 Citation V
Operator:River City Flying Service
Registration: N50CV
MSN: 560-0293
First flight: 1995
Total airframe hrs:9392
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-5D
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:Hamilton-Ravalli County Airport, MT (   United States of America)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Departure airport:Visalia Airport, CA (VIS/KVIS), United States of America
Destination airport:Hamilton-Ravalli County Airport, MT, United States of America
Citation N50CV approached Ravalli County Airport following a 90-minute flight from Visalia (VIS).
The pilot reported that while he was executing a VFR extended straight-in approach to a full-stop landing, he encountered 10 knot wind fluctuations. He therefore decided to increase his approach speed by 10 knots. In addition to the increased airspeed, the pilot flew a flatter than normal approach descent angle. Due to the increased airspeed and the flatter approach, the airplane floated longer than normal after the initiation of the landing flare. Instead of executing a go-around after it became obvious that the airplane would not settle to the runway near the normal touchdown point, the pilot elected to continue the landing sequence. Once the airplane touched down, the pilot was unable to get it stopped in the remaining runway, and it departed the end of the runway and experienced a nose gear collapse after encountering rough/uneven, swampy terrain. The expected landing distance for the airplane was calculated based upon the Vref plus ten airspeed of 108 knots, a landing gross weight of 11,000 pounds, and the reported ambient weather conditions. According to those extrapolated calculations, the landing distance would have been expected to be about 3,100 feet. This distance does not include the use of thrust reversers.
Runway 34 is an asphalt runway, 4200 ft long.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The pilot's failure to attain the proper touchdown point and to execute a go-around, which lead to an overrun of the runway surface. Contributing to the accident was his failure to maintain the correct landing approach speed (Vref), his failure to maintain the correct glide path, and the swampy and rough/uneven terrain the airplane encountered after departing the end of the runway."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 8 months
Accident number: SEA06LA138
Download report: Summary report

Runway excursion



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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Visalia Airport, CA to Hamilton-Ravalli County Airport, MT as the crow flies is 1180 km (738 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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