ASN logo
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 2 mars 2011
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic SW4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
Opérant pour:Air Norway
Loué à :North Flying
Immatriculation: OY-NPB
Numéro de série: AC-420
Année de Fabrication: 1981
Heures de vol:24833
Moteurs: 2 Garrett TPE331-11U-612G
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 9
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 11
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL) (   Norvège)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Ørland Airport (OLA/ENOL), Norvège
Aéroport de destination:Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL/ENGM), Norvège
Numéro de vol: 990
A Swearingen SA.227AC Metro III, OY-NPB, sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident at Oslo-Gardermoen (OSL), Norway. None of the eleven occupants were injured.
The airplane operated on scheduled flight M3990 from OLA (Ørland) to OSL. During roll-out following a normal landing, when the aircraft's speed had decreased to less than 60 kt, the aircraft started an uncommanded turn to the right. The nose wheel steering system was activated. The course could not be corrected, and the aircraft veered off the side of the runway where it became stuck in hard-packed snow one meter deep.
The investigation has shown that the loss of control was most likely caused by a fault in the nose wheel steering. The same problem had occurred six days earlier, but the commander then managed to disconnect the nose wheel steering in time and regained control. The fault could not be reproduced, and the aircraft was released to service after inspection and testing without remarks.
The nose wheel steering system on this aircraft type is relatively complex, and over time several improvements have been made to improve its reliability. The Flight Manual has a caution related to activation of nose wheel steering at speeds higher than normal taxi speed.

There was some freezing rain/freezing fog at the time of the accident.

Probable Cause:

Comprehensive technical examination of the nose wheel steering on OY-NPB uncovered no single causal factor, but some indications of unsatisfactory maintenance. Irregularities that alone or in combination could have caused a temporary fault with the steering were present. The Accident Investigation Board believes that a temporary fault caused the nose wheel to unintentionally lock itself in a position towards the right. No other defects or irregularities that could explain why the aircraft veered off the runway were found.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIBN
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 4 months
Accident number: SL 2012/06
Download report: Final report
Language: Norwegian

» AIBN Norway

METAR Weather report:
02:41 UTC / local time:
280241Z 19003KT 7000 FEW009 BKN025 M05/M06 Q1027


photo of Swearingen-SA227-AC-Metro-III-OY-NPB
accident date: 02-03-2011
type: Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
registration: OY-NPB
photo of Swearingen-SA227-AC-Metro-III-OY-NPB
accident date: 02-03-2011
type: Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
registration: OY-NPB

Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Ørland Airport et Oslo-Gardermoen Airport est de 394 km (247 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
languages: languages


Global Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Excursions (GAPPRE): recommendations and guidance material to prevent runway excursions

  • 684 built
  • 104ème loss
» safety profile

  • le accident 57ème le plus grave (à ce moment là)
  • le accident 57ème le plus grave (en ce moment)
» safety profile

The Aviation Safety Network is an exclusive service provided by:
Quick Links:

CONNECT WITH US: FSF Facebook FSF Twitter FSF Youtube FSF LinkedIn FSF Instagram

©2022 Flight Safety Foundation

701 N. Fairfax St., Ste. 250
Alexandria, Virginia 22314