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Estado: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Fecha:martes 1 diciembre 2020
Hora:09:13
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic DHC6 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Vista Liner 300
Operador:Air Sanga
Registración: P2-ASM
Numéro de série: 389
Año de Construcción: 1973-10-17 (47 years 2 months)
Horas Totales de la Célula:48082
Ciclos:83877
Motores: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 2
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 7
Total:Fatalidades: 0 / Ocupantes: 9
Daños en la Aeronave: Considerable
Ubicación:Wobagen Airstrip (   Papúa Nueva Guinea)
Fase: Despegue (TOF)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Wobagen Airstrip, Papúa Nueva Guinea
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Bak Airstrip (AYBB), Papúa Nueva Guinea
Descripción:
A de Havilland Canada DHC-6 suffered an airstrip excursion during takeoff from Wobagen Airstrip, Papua New Guinea.
That morning, the crew had flown to Wobagen on a passenger and cargo charter flight, landing at 08:47. Once on ground, the crew took passengers on board the aircraft and loaded cargo, to conduct a VFR charter flight to Bak Airstrip, located 3.8 nm north-east of Wobagen.
At about 09:13, upon reaching the threshold of strip 12, the captain, who was Pilot Flying, conducted a 180° turn and applied maximum power, transitioning from taxi into take-off roll.
The crew stated that after applying maximum power, the aircraft had a tendency to veer to the right. The captain tried to maintain the aircraft on centreline by using asymmetric thrust, however, as the aircraft accelerated down the strip, the tendency to veer right increased. About 154m down the strip, the aircraft began veering towards the right and tracked away from the centreline. As the aircraft passed the strip boundary (cone markers), with a recorded groundspeed of 40kt the crew aborted the take-off; power to idle and applied full brakes. The aircraft continued forward and veering right. Four seconds later, the aircraft impacted a drain.
The nosewheel subsequently separated from the fork causing the nose to drop and the nose gear subsequently collapsed. The momentum of the aircraft caused it to continue another 8m with the nose dragging across the ground before it impacted the right edge drain.

Wobagen Airstrip is a 600 m long airstrip (12/30) with a slope of 8° to the southeast. Landings are only permitted on runway 30, takeoffs only on runway 12.

Probable Cause:

Contributing Factors:
The crew did not action the appropriate take-off checklist which caused them to miss crucial checks and actions. This caused the engine abnormalities to go unnoticed after take-off power was applied. The abnormal parameters engine parameters remained unnoticed until impact.
The parameters of right engine indicate that it was performing at considerably lower power than the left engine, which was operating to the manufacturer’s specifications. The power difference between the right and left engine created the tendency of the aircraft to veer right.
The right engine T5 Turbine temperature exceeded the limit which shows that the overtemperature condition was sustained by the right engine. The wet deteriorated clay/silt surface did not allow aircrafts tires to gain sufficient traction to follow the control inputs of the PIC as he attempted to steer the aircraft back towards the centreline. As the aircraft accelerated towards the right, it ran over undulated surface. The aircraft continued veering right because the power was not reduced, and the asymmetric effect
continued. With the asymmetric thrust, the undulated slippery surface, the aircraft swerved right. This prompted the PIC to pull power into idle and apply full brakes. After pulling power to idle, and applying full brakes, the aircraft continued with momentum over the significantly slippery surface and impacted the drainage ditch at the edge.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIC PNG
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 5 months
Accident number: AIC 20-1006
Download report: Final report
Language: English

Fuentes:
» PNG AIC


Fotos

photo of DHC-6-Vistaliner-300-P2-ASM
accident date: 01-12-2020
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Vistaliner 300
registration: P2-ASM
photo of DHC-6-Vistaliner-300-P2-ASM
accident date: 01-12-2020
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Vistaliner 300
registration: P2-ASM
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Wobagen Airstrip to Bak Airstrip as the crow flies is 7 km (4 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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