Flugunfall 19 JAN 2021 einer Avro RJ85 G-JOTR - London-Biggin Hill Airport (BQH)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Datum:Dienstag 19 Januar 2021
Zeit:14:28 UTC
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic RJ85 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Avro RJ85
Fluggesellschaft:Jota Aviation
Kennzeichen: G-JOTR
Werknummer: E2294
Baujahr: 1996-09-19 (24 years 4 months)
Triebwerk: 4 Lycoming LF507-1F
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 5
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 0
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen: 5
Sachschaden: schwer beschädigt
Konsequenzen: Repaired
Unfallort:London-Biggin Hill Airport (BQH) (   Großbritannien)
Flugphase: Rückstellung/Schleppen (PBT)
Flug von:London-Biggin Hill Airport (BQH/EGKB), Großbritannien
Flug nach:London Southend Airport (SEN/EGMC), Großbritannien
The crew boarded G-JOTR while it was parked on a taxiway at London-Biggin Hill Airport, but airfield restrictions required it to be towed to a designated area on the apron for engine start. The towing route followed the edge of the apron, which was damp and downhill, and involved a 90° left turn to line up for start. A combination of unfamiliarity with a relatively new operating base, towing in reverse and difficulty interpreting "indistinct" taxiway markings meant the tug driver entered the left turn later than intended. The late entry made the turn excessively tight, and the tug lost traction on the damp surface and jack-knifed. The resulting combination of a sharp towing angle and the aircraft’s downhill momentum caused the towbar shear pin to break. The commander applied the brakes immediately on hearing "the sound of snapping metal" but was unable to prevent the aircraft rolling forward into the tug.

The operator’s internal investigation report made several safety recommendations, including a review of towing procedures, enhanced driver training, the use of radios by towing teams and improvements to taxiway markings. The company also reviewed its apron risk assessment and towing was added to their audit plan.

On 10 February 2021 the aircraft was ferried to Cranfield for repairs. On 1 July 2021 the aircraft was flown back to London-Biggin Hill Airport.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 170 days (6 months)
Accident number: AAIB-27100
Download report: Final report


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from London-Biggin Hill Airport to London Southend Airport as the crow flies is 53 km (33 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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