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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 178185
Last updated: 29 November 2021
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Date:01-AUG-2015
Time:14:00 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic GNAT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Folland Gnat T Mk1
Owner/operator:Gnat Display Team / Heritage Aircraft Trust
Registration: G-TIMM
MSN: FL519
Fatalities:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Category:Accident
Location:1nm N Oulton Park Racing Circuit, Cheshire -   United Kingdom
Phase: Manoeuvring (airshow, firefighting, ag.ops.)
Nature:Demo/Airshow/Display
Departure airport:Hawarden (CEG/EGNR)
Destination airport:Hawarden (CEG/EGNR)
Investigating agency: AAIB
Narrative:
An ex-military Folland Gnat crashed during a two-ship display at the Carfest North show at Oulton Park, Tarporley, Cheshire. An ejection was reported. however the pilot, the sole POB, was killed.

The aircraft was carrying out an aileron roll at low level during a flying display when, at an angle of bank of 107 to the left, the nose attitude dropped relative to the horizon. The pilot reversed the direction of roll but also applied a large pitch input which increased the rate of descent, and caused the aircraft to depart controlled flight and impact with the terrain. The accident was not survivable.

It was concluded that the situation was recoverable until the application of the pitch input.

Three AAIB Safety Recommendations were made on: minimum aerobatic heights; managing the risk of loss of aircraft control; and medical examination requirements for pilots of high performance aircraft.

The CAA issued a FACTOR update on the recommendations on 24 August 2016: One closed after action on display height limits, one on risk partially rejected but open until guidance published in 2017 and one (on medicals for fast jet pilots) closed with no change.

The team operates three Gnats: G-RORI (as "XR538"), G-TIMM (as "XS111", although its "real" RAF serials was XP504) and G-MOUR (as "XR992", although its "real" serial was XS102).

Sources:

http://news.sky.com/story/1528895/spectators-film-plane-crash-at-uk-car-festival
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/carfest-plane-crash-aircraft-crashes-during-display-at-oulton-park-event-10432377.html
http://www.itv.com/news/story/2015-08-01/pilot-killed-after-aircraft-crashes-at-carfest-motoring-event-during-display/
http://www.worldwarbirdnews.com/2015/08/02/folland-gnat-pilot-killed-in-airshow-crash/
http://gnatdisplayteam.org/aircraft/
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=939805816076256&id=134724899917689
http://www.milairpix.com/gnat.htm
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-manchester-39967852
https://www.gov.uk/aaib-reports/aaib-investigation-to-folland-gnat-t-mk-1-g-timm
http://publicapps.caa.co.uk/FACTORF52016
http://publicapps.caa.co.uk/docs/33/F5-2016%20Issue%202%20G-TIMM%20(18Jan2021).pdf

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration:
Download report: Final report
Safety recommendations:

Safety recommendation 2016-045 issued 5 May 2016 by AAIB to CAA
Safety recommendation 2016-046 issued 5 May 2016 by AAIB to CAA
Safety recommendation 2016-047 issued 5 May 2016 by AAIB to CAA

Media:


Images:

Photo of G-TIMM courtesy AirHistory.net


Northampton - Sywell (EGBK / ORM)
17 August 2014; (c) Trevor Thornton

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
01-Aug-2015 14:29 harro Added
01-Aug-2015 15:12 Aerossurance Updated [Time, Aircraft type, Operator, Source, Embed code, Narrative]
01-Aug-2015 15:30 Aerossurance Updated [Damage]
01-Aug-2015 16:15 Dr. John Smith Updated [Total fatalities, Location, Source, Embed code, Narrative]
01-Aug-2015 16:20 Dr. John Smith Updated [Total fatalities, Embed code, Narrative]
01-Aug-2015 17:27 Aerossurance Updated [Location, Source, Narrative]
01-Aug-2015 19:19 Aerossurance Updated [Departure airport, Destination airport]
02-Aug-2015 17:45 Iceman 29 Updated [Embed code]
06-Aug-2015 02:17 Geno Updated [Aircraft type, Registration, Cn, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source]
06-Aug-2015 13:05 Loadmaster Updated [Registration, Cn]
12-May-2016 09:07 Aerossurance Updated [Source, Narrative]
24-Aug-2016 15:09 Aerossurance Updated [Location, Source, Narrative]
20-May-2017 20:14 Iceman 29 Updated [Source, Embed code]
30-Jan-2021 09:28 Aerossurance Updated [Source, Embed code, Accident report]

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